Archive for October, 2009

aadesa, updesa, anushasanam – Instruction

October 30, 2009

If any reader reads the description of this blog, just next to the title “Yoga Vedanta” on the top of this page, it reads “An Instruction ……..”

Let me clarify the nature of “Instruction” of this blog in this post.

I am going to quote the “Siksha Valli” of Taittariya Upanishad to do so.

INSTRUCTION 2: before quoting anything from any Upanishad one SHOULD recite the “santi mantra” of that upanishad.

ॐ शं नो मित्रः शं वरुणः । शं नो भवत्वर्यमा । शं न इन्द्रो बृहस्पतिः । शं नो विष्णुरुरुक्रमः । नमो ब्रह्मणे । नमस्ते वायो । त्वमेव प्रत्यक्षं ब्रह्मासि । त्वमेव प्रत्यक्षं ब्रह्म वदिष्यामि । ऋतं वदिष्यामि । सत्यं वदिष्यामि । तन्मामवतु । तद्वक्तारमवतु । अवतु माम् । अवतु वक्तारम् ।

ॐ शान्तिः शान्तिः शान्तिः

In this part of taittariya upanishad the upanishad seer having given a set of instructions (11 anuvakas), concludes siksha valli with this statement:

एष आदेशः । एष उपदेशः । एषा वेदोपनिषत् । एतदनुशासनम् । एवमुपासितव्यम् । एवमु चैतदुपास्यम् ॥

ēṣa ādēśaḥ . ēṣa upadēśaḥ . ēṣā vēdōpaniṣat . ētadanuśāsanam . ēvamupāsitavyam . ēvamu caitadupāsyam .

In my own words This is the declaration. This is the advice. This is the essence of vedas. This is the commad. Follow this. Worship this alone.

So,
Q: what is aadesa, what is upadesa, what is anusasanam?

A: They are different types of “instructions”
The adesa and upadesa come from the root “dis” which means “to point” or “to show”
in this current context, aadesa means the primary instruction pointing or directing the seeker in the correct direction.
upadesa means a helping instruction, that helps the seeker to speed-up his journey (an advice).

Where as

the anusasanam comes from the root “sas” which means “to punish”
sasana means the order or law; anyone breaches that law will be punished by maintainer of the law or government.
anusasana means a supporting order / command by following it one can be saved from such punishment.

Even the word “sastra” (scripture) also comes from the same root.

The primary sastra of yoga that was composed by Rishi Patanjali starts with
अथ योगानुशासनम्
atha yogAnushasanam (YS 1.1)

But NO scripture or sastra enforces adherence to what is been declared by the scripture. It merely declare the true nature of the subject under discussion.

This blog intended to give all three types of instructions
1. aadesa – declarative/revealing instruction
2. upadesa – helping instructions
3. anusasanam – practical instructions to follow

It is left to the individual reading the blog to decide the type of each instruction and act according to his/her free will.

om tat sat

mangalacharanam – prayer

October 29, 2009


इश्वरो गुरुरात्मेति मूर्तिभेदविभागिने |
व्योमवद्व्यप्तदेहाय दक्षिणामूर्तये नमः ||

ishwaro gururAtmeti mUrtibhedavibhAgine |
vyomavadvyaptadehAya dakshhiNAmUrtaye namaH ||

On this Prabodhini Ekadasi (or Utthana Ekadasi – Kartika Suddha Ekadasi) I have been instructed to write this blog. This blog largely deals with the view point of sanatana dharma (the eternal law) scriptures about
1. transcendental independence (kaivalya)
2. mastery over life and death (vedanta – the ultimate knowledge)

My work here is just “typing in” what the ancient rishis (the leaders who have practiced what they preached) spoke about the above subjects.

INSTRUCTION 1: Any such work should start with a prayer to Lord Ganesha. (To know “WHY?” follow the link to an earlier blog post)
नितान्तकान्तदन्तकान्तिमन्तकान्तकात्मजम्
अचिन्त्यरूपमन्तहीनमन्तरायकृन्तनम्
ह्र्दन्तरे निरन्तरं वसन्तमेव योगिनां
तमेकदन्तमेव तं विचिन्तयामि संततम्

nitAntakAntadantakAntimantakAntakAtmajam
achintyarUpamantahInamantarAyakR^intanam
hrdantare nirantaraM vasantameva yoginA.m
tamekadantameva taM vichintayaami sa.ntatam

Now a Prayer to Iswara – The Lord of all:

अजं शश्वतं कारणं कारणानां
शिवं केवलं भासकं भासकानाम् |
तुरीयं तमःपारमाद्यन्तहीनं
प्रपद्ये परं पावनं द्वैतहीनम् ||
aja.m shashvata.m kaaraNa.m kaaraNAnA.m
shiva.m kevala.m bhaasaka.m bhaasakaanaam |
turIya.m tamaHpAramAdyantahIna.m
prapadye para.m paavana.m dvaitahInam ||

Lord: never born, eternal, cause of all causes, auspicious, independent, light of all lights, beyond all triads (the forth), beyond all ignorance, who is beginning and endless, eternal cleanser and non-dual. I bow down to that Lord.

नमस्ते नमस्ते विभो विश्वमूर्ते
नमस्ते नमस्ते चिदानन्दमूर्ते |
नमस्ते नमस्ते तपोयोगगम्य
नमस्ते नमस्ते श्रुतिज्ञानगम्य ||
namaste namaste vibho vishvamUrte
namaste namaste chidAnandamUrte |
namaste namaste tapoyogagamya
namaste namaste shrutiGYAnagamya ||

He is the same lord who appears as this world.
He is the same lord who is beyond all this (world) as chidananda murthi.
So, it is the same lord who is the goal of karma yogi’s who are in tapas and yoga paths. It is the same lord who is the goal of all the knowledge seekers based on shruti on the path of jnana.

I pray to him repeatedly for the well being of this whole visible world and beyond!!

Note1: All the above prayers are from Sri Adi Sankaracharya’s Stotras.
Note2: This blog uses a lot of samskrutam words and some explaination in English to the best of my ability.

om tat sat

పురాణ సారం

October 22, 2009

అష్ఠాదశపురాణేషు వ్యాసస్య వచనద్వయమ్
పరోపకారః పుణ్యాయ పాపాయ పరపీడనమ్

–పురాణ సారం రెండు మాటల్లో చెప్పాలంటే ఇదే (ఈ శ్లోకాన్ని రాసిన కవి ఎవరో తెలియదు)

Exadata V2 – World’s First OLTP database machine

October 20, 2009

Last year the Exadata Database machine was announced for making the data warehouse performance improvement by moving the database query processing to the storage layer.

This year, the new Exadata V2 is proven to be the fastest database machine for OLTP applications.

The trick lies in the Flash solid state storage and the 40GBPS infiniband internal network fabric used between the DB servers and the Storage servers. The full rack contains 8 database servers and 14 storage servers. There are other configurations available.

All the flash storage (600 GB per storage server) is viewed as the extended memory of the servers and it has 72GB of DDR3 memory as the cache per database server….

Guess what, an open challenge to IBM can be found at http://www.oracle.com/features/exadatachallenge.html

So, why not try out for a $10 Million prize?

చాణక్య నీతి

October 10, 2009

साधूनां दर्शनं पुण्यं तीर्थभूता हि साधवः |
कालेन फलते तीर्थं सद्यः साधुसमागमः || १२\-०८
(సత్సంగ ఫలితం సత్వరమని చెపుతుంది)
——————————————–
विप्रास्मिन्नगरे महान्कथय कस्तालद्रुमाणां गणः
को दाता रजको ददाति वसनं प्रातर्गृहीत्वा निशि |
को दक्षः परवित्तदारहरणे सर्वोऽपि दक्षो जनः
कस्माज्जीवसि हे सखे विषकृमिन्यायेन जीवाम्यहम || १२\-०९

విప్ర అస్మిన్ నగరే కః మహాన్ కథయ?
తాలద్రుమాణామ్ గణః
కో దాతా?
రజకో దదాతి వసనం ప్రాతర్గృహీత్వా నిశి
కో దక్షః?
పర విత్తదారోపహరణే సర్వోపి దక్షో జనాః
కస్మాజ్జీవసి హే సఖే?
విష కృమి న్యాయేన జీవాస్మ్యహం! ౧౨-౦౯
(ఈనాటి పరిస్థితులకి దర్పణం ఈ శ్లోకం)
——————————————–
न विप्रपादोदककर्दमाणि
न वेदशास्त्रध्वनिगर्जितानि |
स्वाहास्वधाकारविवर्जितानि
श्मशानतुल्यानि गृहाणि तानि || १२\-१०
(ఏవి లేక పొతే గృహం స్మశాన తుల్యం అవుతుందో చెపుతుంది ఈ శ్లోకం)
——————————————–

— చాణక్య నీతి నుంచి మూడు శ్లోకాలు