Q&A on Akshara Brahma and Atma

Having quickly “recapped” the jnana and vijnana as disclosed by the Lord, Arjuna Asks:

अर्जुन उवाच

किं तद्ब्रह्म किमध्यात्मं किं कर्म पुरुषोत्तम।
अधिभूतं च किं प्रोक्तमधिदैवं किमुच्यते।।8.1।।

अधियज्ञः कथं कोऽत्र देहेऽस्मिन्मधुसूदन।
प्रयाणकाले च कथं ज्ञेयोऽसि नियतात्मभिः।।8.2।।

This is the biggest set of questions asked by Arjuna in the Bhagavad Gita.

1. What is that Brahma?
2. What is about Atma?
3. What is karma (action)?

4. What about the elements talked about?
5. What is called as the daivam (LORD)?
6. What about the “yajna” (Who is) in this body?

7. How/in what manner the NIYATAATMA should know at the time of leaving the body?

AND LORD ANSWERS:

श्री भगवानुवाच

अक्षरं ब्रह्म परमं स्वभावोऽध्यात्ममुच्यते।
भूतभावोद्भवकरो विसर्गः कर्मसंज्ञितः।।8.3।।

अधिभूतं क्षरो भावः पुरुषश्चाधिदैवतम्।
अधियज्ञोऽहमेवात्र देहे देहभृतां वर।।8.4।।

अन्तकाले च मामेव स्मरन्मुक्त्वा कलेवरम्।
यः प्रयाति स मद्भावं याति नास्त्यत्र संशयः।।8.5।।

1. aksharam paramam BRAHMA.
2. swabhavah adhi atmam utchayate
3. bhuta,bhava,udbhava karah visargah karma sanjitaah

4. adhibhutam ksharah bhavah
5. purushah ca adhi daivatam
6. adhi yajnam AHAM eva atra dehe deha bhrutaam vara.

7. antakaale ca maam eva smaran muktvaa kalevaram
yah prayaati sah mad+bhavaam yaati naasti atra samshayah.

aksharam = na ksharati which does not perish; paramam = absolute is BRAHMA.
swa+bhava = the own true nature (of THAT BRAHMAN) is called adhyatma
bhuta = the beings (both moving and non-moving) bhava = the existence
udbhava = the bring forth; kara = action; visargha = the offering; karma-samjitaa = known (or remembered) as action.

khsara = the mutable bhava = the existence is adhibhutam
purusha = the one who pervade the bhutas is the adhi-daivatam (Controller or Hiranyagarbha)
adhiyajna AHAM eva atra …. = the sacrifice is I am (the Iswara) who is in the body.

At the time of leaving the body WHO leaves this body while thinking of ME he attains mad+bhavam (my existence) ME alone. There is no doubt.

Note 1: at the time of leaving the body, the connection between the Gross Body and Subtle Mind is snapped. Mind+Intellect+Ego becomes frightened and keeps running in all directions of the sphere (360 Degrees) When the thread that holds is snapped, it “falls” in the direction of when it was at the time of final snapping of the thread. It is a natural thing.

So, it is impossible to remember the LORD at the time of death all of a sudden. One should constantly practice remembering the lord always to make sure when the thread is snapped he falls in the right direction into the LORD.

Note 2: The words in samskrutam are important. It is just like the glossary of terms that were used by lord to explain the truth of higher realms and there are no equavalant words for BRAHMA, SWABHAVA, ATMA, PURUSHA, DAIVA, BHUTA, YAJNA, AKSHARA, KSHARA and AHAM.

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