Archive for April, 2014

vAstukaM – related to real estate

April 20, 2014

Having dealt with the dharma related to marriage in three chapters followed by the partition of inheritance, cANakya deals with the matters related to the real estate in three chapters.

8th chapter – gRha vAstukam – Matters related to the dwelling places or houses.
9th chapter – vAstu vikrayaH – Matters related to selling and buying of real estate
10th chapter – vivIta kshEtra patha himsa – damage to fields and roads and not following the conventions.

Essentially, all the disputes related to the fixed assets like houses, agriculture fields, water tanks constructed by individuals, parks and other real estate should be resolved based on the testimony of neighbours. This is also applicable to the disputes of border between villages etc., administrative units.

Houses should have passages to fresh water and drainage, a waste disposal place with a minimum distance from the neighbouring houses.

Rules related to the construction of the houses without causing any damage to others is stressed in the vAstukam.

While selling the real estate the first preference should be given to the relatives, people from the same community or social order, or the one who have lend the money to the owner. When none of these preferred parties are willing to buy then anyone can buy the property.

If the cost of the property is increased by the competition between multiple buyers, for the excess of the guidance value, additional tax to be paid to the government by the buyer of the property.

Any modifications to the water ways flowing in and out of fields are all approved by the government. No one can alter the water flows without government’s knowledge.

All the common places developed by the government, places for entertainment and other public property to be used as per the rules the King establishes. Anyone doing work for the betterment of the society should be encouraged. All in all everyone should be made to follow the rules as per the country, territory, society, community and locality related to the public property use. Anyone not following them attract punishment accordingly.

With this we reach the end of 10th chapter of dharmasthIyam.

హనుమత్ పంచరత్నం

April 15, 2014

వీతాఖిల విషయేచ్చం జాతానందాశ్రు పులకమత్యచ్చం సీతాపతి దూతాద్యం వాతాత్మజం అద్య భావయే హృద్యం – 1
vItAkhila vishayEcchaM jAtAnandASru pulakamatyacchaM sItApati dUtAdyaM vAtAtmajaM adya bhAvayE hRdyaM – 1

Now, I meditate in my heart on the mind born son of wind god, the foremost of messenger of “lord of Sita,” who has given up all the desires for sense pleasures and always blissful and heartening with horripilation and tears of joy!  

తరుణారుణ ముఖ కమలం కరుణారస పూరిత అపాఙ్గం సంజీవనం ఆశాసే మఞ్జుల మహిమానం అఞ్జనా భాగ్యం – 2
taruNAruNa mukha kamalaM karuNArasa pUrita apA~mgam sanjIvanaM ASAsE ma~njula mahimAnam a~njanA bhAgyaM – 2

I desire and direct my mind towards the bright golden lotus face with compassionate looks, who has given life to all fallen in the holy war, whose greatness is pleasing and lovely, who is the gift for anjana.
శంబరవైరిశరాతిగం అంబుజ దళ విపుల లోచనోదారం కంబుగళం అనిలదిష్టం బిమ్బజ్వలితోష్ఠం ఏకం అవలమ్బే – 3
SambaravairiSarAtigaM ambuja daLa vipula lOcanOdAram kambugaLaM aniladishTaM bim&bajvalitOshThaM Ekam avalam&bE – 3

I hold on to the single thought stream who has won over the arrows of cupid, whose eyes are like large petals of lotus, whose neck is like a conch shell, who is son of air, whose lips are red like bimba fruit.  
దూరీకృత సీతార్తిః ప్రకటీకృత రామ వైభవ స్పూర్తిః దారిత దశముఖ కీర్తిః పురతో మమ భాతు హనుమతో మూర్తిః – 4
dUrIkRta sItArti@h prakaTIkRta rAma vaibhava spUrti@h dArita daSamukha kIrti@h puratO mama bhAtu hanumatO mUrti@h – 4

Let the form of Hanuman shine in front of me, who has removed the distress of mother Sita, who has publicized the glories of lord Rama, who has destroyed the fame of rAvaNa.

వానర నికరాధ్యక్షం దానవకుల కుముద రవికర సదృశ్యం దీనజనావన దీక్షం పావనతప పాకపుంజ మద్రాక్షం – 5
vAnara nikarAdhyakshaM dAnavakula kumuda ravikara sadRsyaM dInajanAvana dIkshaM pAvanatapa pAkapunja madrAkshaM – 5

Oh! I saw, the leader of multitude of monkeys, who is like hot rays of sun for the water lily of race of daemons, who has a vow of protecting helpless, who is the result of great austerity of lord vAyu the great purifier.

ఎతత్ పవనసుతస్య స్తొత్రం యః పఠన్తి పఙ్చరత్నాఖ్యం చిరం ఇహ నిఖిలాన్ భోగాన్ భుక్త్వా శ్రీరామభక్తిభాగ్భవతి
etat pavanasutasya stotram ya@h paThan&ti pa~mcaratnAkhyaM ciram iha nikhilAn bhOgAn bhuktvA SrIrAmabhaktibhAgbhavati

Whoever studies this stotra, known as five jewels praising the son of purifier air god, pavana, will enjoy all the pleasures, successes, enjoyments here in this world and finally achieves unfailing devotion towards Lord SrI rAma.
— హనుమజ్జయంతి (చైత్ర పూర్ణిమ, శ్రీ జయ నామ సంవత్సరం) సందర్భంగా, ఆది శంకరుల పంచరత్న స్తోత్రం
Today is Hanuman jayanti, Sankara bhagavatpAda’s Hanumad pancaratna stotram.

This is a meditative stotra first imagine god in the heart, then direct the mind there, then hold on to the single thought and attain sAkshAtkAra of the god visualize the lords true form beyond internal and external distinctions.

dAya vibhAgaH – Partition of Inheritance

April 12, 2014

Having dealt with the vivAha in first three chapters, cANakya deals with the second most important civil matter – dAya vibhAgaH – Partition of Inheritance in three chapters (chapter 5 – dAya kramaH – Order of Inheritance, chapter 6 – amSa vibhAgaH – division of shares and chapter 7 – putra vibhAgaH – classification of sons )

When to divide and what is the order of division:
Sons, having fathers are not masters of the property. Only after the fathers reach the higher realms, sons should partition the inheritance. It is ideal to partition the property after three generations at the level of great grand sons taking the parts of great grand fathers. Sons get a larger share, grand sons a smaller and great grand sons still smaller parts.

Either undivided property or of combined families, the partition should happen again after every generation. One who has put the effort to increase the property should take twice the others.
The eldest son should take a larger portion as the eldest son has the responsibility of performing the srAddha karmas for the forefathers.

More on parts of shares is discussed in the chapter 6. Another important question is who are the sons? Legitimate sons are from the married wife (of same varNa) when inter varNa marriages happen the sons belong to father some teachers say. Some others hold the father belong to the mother; cANakya says it could be both ways.

Having discussed all the rules of Inheritance cANakya concludes:
देशस्य जात्याः संघस्य धर्मो ग्रामस्य वापि यः ।
उचितस्तस्य तेनैव दाय धर्मं  प्रकल्पयेत् ॥ (Last verse of 7th chapter)

In respective countries, in the respective community, in the respective society, in the respective village, what is the customary practice, based on that alone one should divide the inheritance.

So, The Law related to division of property is to be based on local customs even though the high level guidelines are given by the SAstra. Judges should be familiar with the customs pertaining to the case involved and take help of local elders while settling disputes related to the division of property.

With this 44th post we come to the end of 7th chapter of dharmasthIyam of artha SAStra of kauTilya.

అత్రి ముని కృత రామ స్తుతి

April 8, 2014

నమామి భక్త వత్సలం. కృపాలు శీల కోమలం..
భజామి తే పదాంబుజం. అకామినాం స్వధామదం..
నికామ శ్యామ సుందరం. భవామ్బునాథ మందరం..
ప్రఫుల్ల కంజ లోచనం. మదాది దోష మోచనం.. 1 ..

ప్రలంబ బాహు విక్రమం. ప్రభోప్రమేయ వైభవం..
నిషంగ చాప సాయకం. ధరం త్రిలోక నాయకం..
దినేశ వంశ మండనం. మహేశ చాప ఖండనం..
మునీంద్ర సంత రంజనం. సురారి వృంద భంజనం.. 2 ..

మనోజ వైరి వందితం. అజాది దేవ సేవితం..
విశుద్ధ బోధ విగ్రహం. సమస్త దూషణాపహం..
నమామి ఇందిరా పతిం. సుఖాకరం సతాం గతిం..
భజే సశక్తి సానుజం. శచీ పతిం ప్రియానుజం.. 3 ..

త్వదంఘ్రి మూల యే నరాః. భజంతి హీన మత్సరా..
పతంతి నో భవార్ణవే. వితర్క వీచి సంకులే..
వివిక్త వాసినః సదా. భజంతి ముక్తయే ముదా..
నిరస్య ఇంద్రియాదికం. ప్రయాంతి తే గతిం స్వకం.. 4 ..

తమేక మద్భుతం ప్రభుం. నిరీహమీశ్వరం విభుం..
జగద్గురుం చ శాశ్వతం. తురీయమేవ కేవలం..
భజామి భావ వల్లభం. కుయోగినాం సుదుర్లభం..
స్వభక్త కల్ప పాదపం. సమం సుసేవ్యమన్వహం.. 5 ..

అనూప రూప భూపతిం. నతోSహముర్విజా పతిం..
ప్రసీద మే నమామి తే. పదాబ్జ భక్తి దేహి మే..
పఠంతి యే స్తవం ఇదం. నరాదరేణ తే పదం..
వ్రజంతి నాత్ర సంశయం. త్వదీయ భక్తి సంయుతా.. 6 ..

— ఇతి అత్రి మహాముని కృతా శ్రీరామ స్తుతిః సంపూర్ణా

This is a prayer rendered by great Atri mahAmuni to Lord SrI  rAma. In fifth verse he says “You are the wonderful lord (lord, lord multiple words declaring the lordship over all layers of physical, psychological and spiritual existence), eternal teacher of the world, the fourth state of existence which is completely independent. I sing the prise of the husband of the whole world. Impossible to be attained by those who are not honest or just act like bhaktas (ku+yOgis), you are the kalpa vRkhsa (wish granting tree) for the devotees and equal towards everyone. prayed by such devotees always.”

Wishing one and all a great SrI rAma navami…..

vivAha saMyuktam – Civil code realted to Marriage

April 6, 2014

In three chapters (2, 3 and 4th) of dharmasthIyam, vivAha saMyuktam – code related to marriage as per artha SAstra is dealt with.

vivAha pUrvA sarva vyavahArAH” starts cANakya. The importance of marriage in forming a civil society is stressed by this single statement. All transactions starts with marriage or marriage precedes all the transactions in the civil society.

A civil society is not just a group of people living together. A set of families living together under the protection of a King is the society. The basis of family is the institution of marriage.

Attaining majority age is at 12 years for women and 16 for a man. After this age individuals are “prApta vyavahAra” or having the ability of performing transactions for themselves. After this age they should take care of civil / societal duties. King to impose fine for refusing to carryout one’s own societal duties.

There are total 8 types of marriages of which first 4 are purely dharmic. They are brahma, prajApatya, ARSa and daiva. In all these types the bride’s father happily gives away the bride with no dowry involved. Both the families of bride and groom are in agreement in these types of marriages and generally there is nothing called divorce or split of marriage in these types of marriages.

Rest of 4 types of marriages are: gAndharva, Asura, rAkshasa and piSAca are all involving dowry or lack of acceptance from the bride or groom or their parents. Generally a marital split is allowed only in these four types of marriages.

All the marriages should have an agreement from bride’s father and / or mother. What constitutes the money / property of the bride and in what circumstances the bride’s money need to be returned, how long a woman should wait for a husband who has gone away for various reasons before remarriage. How long a man should wait before getting remarried, need for mutual consent for divorce, issues related to misconduct and prohibitions, women leaving home and its consequences are the different topics discussed in these three chapters.

In my opinion, a close and detailed study of these chapters gives a basis of common civil code with reference to marriage irrespective of religious affiliation. It carefully considers the impacts of an individual family as well as much larger society of all that dealings arising from the topic called marriage.

This post takes us to the end of 4th chapter of dharmasthIyam.

Data streams, lakes, oceans and “Finding Nemo” in them….

April 4, 2014

This weekend, I complete 3 years of TCS second innings. Most of the three years I have been working with large insurance providers trying to figure out the ways to add value with the technology to their operations and strategy.

The concurrent period has been a period of re-imagination. Companies and individuals (consumers / employees) slowly moving towards reimagining themselves in the wake of converging digital forces like cloud computing, analytics & big data, social networking and mobile computing.

Focus of my career in Information Technology has always been “Information” and not technology. I am a firm believer in “Information” led transformation rather than “technology” led transformation. The basis for information is data and the ability to process and interpret the data, making it applicable and relevant for the operational or strategic issues being addressed by the corporate business leaders.

Technologists are busy making claims that their own technology is best suited for the current data processing needs. Storage vendors are finding business in providing the storage in cloud. Mobility providers are betting big on wearable devices making computing more and more pervasive. The big industrial manufacturers are busy fusing sensors everywhere and connecting them on the internet following the trend set by the human social networking sites. A new breed of scientists calling themselves data scientists are inventing algorithms to quickly derive insights from the data that is being collected. Each one of them is pushing themselves to the front taking support of the others to market themselves.

In the rush, there is a distinctive trend in the business houses. The CTO projecting technology as a business growth driver and taking a dominant role is common. The data flows should be plumbed across the IT landscape across various technologies causing a lot of hurried and fast changing plumbing issues.

In my view the data flow should be natural just like streams of water. Information should be flowing naturally in the landscape and technology should be used to make the flow gentle avoiding the floods and tsunamis. Creating data pools in the cloud storage and connecting the pools to form a knowledge ecosystem grow the right insights relevant to the business context remains the big challenge today.

The information architecture in the big data and analytics arena is just like dealing with big rivers and having right reservoirs and connecting them to get best benefit in the landscape. And a CIO is still needed and responsible for this in the corporate.

If data becomes an ocean and insights become an effort like “Finding Nemo” the overall objective may be lost. Cautiously avoiding the data ocean let us keep the (big) data in its pools and lakes as usable information while reimagining data in the current world of re-imagination. This applies to both corporate business houses as well as individuals.

Hoping Innovative reimagination in the digital world helps improve the life in the ecosystems of the real world….