Archive for July, 2014

Salt, Soldiers and Salary

July 29, 2014

What is the common thing in salt, salary and soldiers? All these words have the same root ‘sal’ in Latin. A probable link to Sanskrit word salila (सलिल – which flows, water) is the common root for this word.

Probably, the most ancient job that paid salary could be soilder. Ancient romans used to pay soldiers with bars of salt. (sal dire means to give salt = soldier) Also the salt bars could be exchanged with other commodities so it worked just like money (coins) due to its unavailability in the past.

Later we have a very established career option of salaried employees with a monthly pay period. I have took up such an employment with the first pay period falling on October 1993 and a payroll processed towards me for 250 months (July 2014 is 250th) in one company’s system or the other. A majority of those monthly salaries are from TCS.

TCS 164
Oracle 50
Total 250

Ideally, by savouring on the TATA salt provided by salary from TCS, one should always be worth the salt.

More than half a million employees are working under the industrial empire formed under the TATA group under the great leadership of visionaries like JRD Tata the founder of TCS which alone employes 3 lakhs globally.

A quote from JRD Tata – “Strive for perfection and you will reach excellence”

Remembering a great visionary on his 110th birth anniversary.

అమృత లహరీ

July 28, 2014

భవాని త్వాం వందే భవమహిషి సచ్చిత్సుఖ వపుః
పరాకారం దేవీమమృతలహరీమైందవ కళాం
మహాకాలాతీతాం కలితసరణీ కల్పిత తనూం
సుధాసింధోరంతర్వసతిమనిశం వాసరమయీం – 1

–సుభగోదయ స్తుతి, శ్రీ గౌడపాదాచార్య 

bhavAni tvAm vandE bhavamahishi saccitsukha vapuH
parAkAraM dEvImamRtalaharImaindava kaLAm
mahaakaalaatItaam kalitasaraNI kalpita tanUm
sudhAsindhOrantarvasatimaniSam vAsaramayIm – 1

भवानि त्वां वन्दे भवमहिषि सच्चित्सुखवपुः
पराकारां देवीममृतलहरीमैन्दवकलाम् |
महाकालातीतां कलितसरणीकल्पिततनुं
सुधासिन्धोरन्तर्वसतिमनिशं वासरमयीम् ||१||

For full stuti –

This stuti is an important trites for those who practice the SrIvidya tradition. 

O bhavAnI, I prise thee, consort of bhava, having truth-consciousness-bliss as body
of the supreme form, the source of light, gentle flow of nectar, a bright spark,
beyond the movement of time, that flows in the invisible . sushumna stream thereby assuming a form, always present in ocean of blissful nectar, of the nature of brightening dawn.

Worshipping mother in the form of mangala gauri, varalakshmi in this month of srAvaNa are all multiple forms of SrIvidya sampradAya…

పరమానంద లహరీ

July 25, 2014

నరత్వం దేవత్వం నగవనమృగత్వం మశకతా
పశుత్వం కీటత్వం భవతు విహగత్వాది జననం
సదా త్వత్పాదాబ్జ స్మరణ పరమానంద లహరీ
విహారాసక్తం చేద్ హృదయం ఇహ కిం తేన వపుషా – 10

नरत्वं देवत्वं नगवनमृगत्वं मशकता
पशुत्वं कीटत्वं भवतु विहगत्वादि जननम् ।
सदा त्वत्पादाब्जस्मरण परमानन्दलहरी
विहारासक्तम् चेद्धृदयमिह किं तेन वपुषा ॥

— SrI jaya year, AshADha maasa SivarAtri. 
— SivAnanda laharI of bhagavan Sankara.

Human, godly, wild beastly, mosquito, 
Animal, worm, let it be; or a bird, and so on be the birth….
Always, thy lotus feet remembrance, bliss waves
surfing interested the heart be, here what’s problem with bodies?

For more related posts

On the auspicious eve of AshADha amAvASya……

Om tat sat

Dealing with sudden fateful events – upanipAta pratIkAraH

July 20, 2014

उपनिपात – upanipAta means “a sudden and unexpected attack” of fate. cANakya states there are 8 such calamities.

1. Fire accidents
2. Floods
3. Contagious Diseases (that spread quickly among animals and humans)
4. Drought
5. Rodents
6. Wild animal attacks
7. Venomous snakes etc.
8. rAkshasas (those who find pleasure in troubling others and seeing them in pain – in modern days I can translate it as “terrorists”)

A king should equip the territory to deal with any sudden attacks from any of the above categories of natural or man made calamities. People living in the territory should be protected even from the acts of god (or nature!)

All precautions should be taken to avoid fire accidents especially in the Summer period. 
King should have sufficient supplies of seeds in the event of drought. 

People who have required knowledge to predict, prevent and protect from these things should be living in the kingdom and equip the territory to tackle when any unforeseen events occur. atharvaNa vEda has the required formulae (methods and materials to deal with calamities) to handle most of the diseases, poisons etc, The specialists on these subjects should be revered by King and kept in the territory.

This is the subject discussed in the third chapter of kaNTaka Sodhanam.

మోక్షము అంటే?

July 19, 2014

దెహస్య మోక్షో నో మోక్షో న దండస్య కమండలోః
అవిద్యా హృదయగ్రన్ధిమోక్షో మోక్షో యతస్తతః

–వివేక చూడామణి

Leaving the body is not liberation; Neither giving up the last set of posessions is mOksha. When the release from the “knot of ignorance” in the name of Ego happens it is the real liberation. 
— Above words from VivEka cUDAmaNI of SaMkara bhagavadpAda were underlined in red ink by my father. They give guidance after decade of he leaving his physical body having attained highest state “mOksha”. 

జననీ జన్మభూమి

July 15, 2014
అపి స్వర్ణమయీ లఞ్కా న మే లక్ష్మణ రోచతే
జననీ జన్మభూమిశ్చ స్వర్గాదపి గరీయసీ 

(The last family photo taken with my mother)
अपि स्वर्णमयी लङ्का न मे लक्ष्मण रोचते।
 जननी जन्मभूमिश्च स्वर्गादपि गरीयसी॥

Let this “Golden Lanka” be filled with all wealth, It is not charming me, O LakshmaNa! mother and motherland are greater than even the heaven.

— It has been three years since my mother left this world; and about a decade since I returned to my motherland.

Protecting people from skilled cheaters

July 6, 2014

Protecting people from skilled cheaters

First two chapters of kaNTaka SOdhanam are dedicated to protecting the people of territory from being cheated by skilled workers and traders.

Chapter 1 is called kAru rakshaNam – deals with the various skilled workers who work independently and work in groups by forming associations and private industries. These groups of people who take the raw material like cotton, metals etc., and convert them into the final product on behalf of the consumer.

There are various possibilities to cheat the ignorant public as they do not know the process involved in making the final product from the raw material. They can charge more fee to do the work. They can take away (steal) some part of the raw material and so on….

In this adhyaya, cANakya mentions even the doctors (medical profession) could claim that some untreatable disease could be treated and collect the fees for that. Such things are taken very seriously by the government. Experts in each skill should proactively look into any such rackets happening in the territory.

One interesting thing cANakya mentions is all the “washer men” should only wear uniform. They should not wear any other cloths as they can misuse the collected expensive cloths from the customers. So, any form of misuse of power/ability is considered as a kaNTaka.

Chapter 2 is called vaidEhaka rakshaNam – protecting people from the traders. It starts with regularly checking the pautavam (weights and measures) used by traders.  Creating artificial demand thereby increasing the price of goods, mixing high quality goods with low quality of the same thing and selling for the price of high quality goods etc., are the typical ways of cheating.

Interestingly cANakya says the traders who have come from other countries also need to be protected. In case they have faced some losses by doing the trading within the territory due to either natural calamities or lack of demand, the paNyAdhyaksha should pay some compensation to them. It is important to have a good equilibrium between the seller and buyer that none of the parties exploit the other. That is the essential message of cANakya. 

This 52nd post covers essential points of 78 and 79 adhyayas of artha SAstra.

బ్రాహ్మణ సహజ లక్షణాలు

July 5, 2014

భూనుతకీర్తి బ్రాహ్మణుఁడు పుట్టుడుఁ దోడన పుట్టు నుత్తమ
జ్ఞానము సర్వభూతహిత సంహితబుద్ధియుఁ జిత్తశాంతియున్
మానమదప్రహాణము సమత్వము సంతతవేదవిధ్యను
ష్ఠానము సత్యవాక్యము దృఢవ్రతమం గురుణాపరత్వమున్.

— సహస్రపాదుడు రురునితో శ్రీమదాంధ్ర మహా భారతము ఆది పర్వము, ప్రధమాశ్వాసము 157

సహజంగా బ్రాహ్మణుడు పుట్టుకతోనే వచ్చే గుణాలు ఇవి – ఉత్తమ జ్ఞానము, సర్వ భూతములకూ హితము చేయునట్టి మంచి బుద్ధి, మానసికమైన శాంతి, అభిమానము మదము మొదలైన గుణములను తొలగించి వేయుట, సమ దృష్టి, యెల్లప్పుడునూ వేదము చెప్పిన విధముగా ప్రవర్తించుట, సత్యమునే పలుకుట, తన సంకల్పమునందు ధృధత్వము కలిగి యుండుట, కరుణను కలిగి యుండుట.   

Natural qualities of a brahmaNa are as follows:
1. supreme knowledge
2. intention to help all the beings (humans, animals, trees and other beings) for their prosperity.
3. peaceful mind
4. ability to remove the pride and prejudice
5. equanimity
6. conducting oneself as per the directions of Veda
7. truthfulness
8. steadfastness
9. compassion

These nine gems are the original nature of brAhmaNa i.e, a realized person.