Archive for the ‘BhagavadGita’ Category

Owner and Knower of the Field

December 2, 2008

There is really an important difference between the “Knower” and the “Owner” of the Field (kshetra).

What is the Field?
It is the World/Universe [what appears in a larger sense] and Body/Mind/Intellect [what sees]; both the Seen and Seer are part of the Field.

The Seer “thinks” that it is the OWNER of “some of the Seen” and it wants to expand the OWNERSHIP to the rest of the Seen. This is the nature of the OWNER.

Let us see the two important properties of this OWNER:
1. This OWNER thinks that he is conscious. Thinks that he has his OWN awareness.
It is like one of the cells of the body thinking that it is independent, it gets oxygen and food on its own effort, it has to work to sustain and build itself and it is distinct from its environment. Each cell of the body is part of a subsystem, all the systems put together it is the BODY. The consciousness is ONE across the body which supplies awareness to all the cells. Similarly, all the consciousness/awareness seen all over the universe is ONE. So, thinking that each individual body has its own awareness/consciousness is a fallacy.

2. This owner draws an imaginary boundary, assumes OWNERSHIP within the boundary and Identify itself with this boundary.

But this OWNER is just the THINKER (mind); Who thinks that he owns some of the Field. It is clear that “this OWNER” is not different from the Field itself. The Field includes this Body/Mind/Intellect. Hence this idea of OWNERSHIP is a fantasy.
{This OWNER is EGO – the Illusory Thing}

Knower – kshetrajna
Knower is the one who knows the true nature of the Whole Field. The Field as a “thing-in-itself” as a whole devoid of words and ideas. {Please refer to the Thing, Word and Idea post} The object of the Knower is the Intellect, through which the rest of the Field is seen. To Know a thing in itself one has to completely pervade that thing. So this Knower pervades the whole of the Field and completely distinct from it at the same time ONE with it.
{This Knower is SELF – REAL THING}

A OWNER can never be a Knower and vice-versa. A OWNER is assumed in the KNOWER. OWNER is missing the first “K” and confused over the letters “O” & “W”.
The goal is to be the Knower, by filling up the correct understanding and removing the confusion.

I am the Knower of this Field, I OWN nothing – absolutely nothing.

Note: The above is an attempt to put the Words of Lord in my own Language…
Any reader interested can get hold of the original holy book Srimad Bhagavad Gita. Chapter -XIII explains the nature of Kshetra and the Kshetrajna.

Om Tat Sat.

Practice – Saadhana

October 23, 2008

“Simple Natural Living and Profound High Thinking” is what the Saadhana all about. Have Faith in this simple truth. That is saadhana. Saadhana is like the prescription to the disease. The result is restoration of Health – The original state.

What you eat is what you will become. Conquer the three inch long tongue. This is the first step of Saadhana. For the sake of this one small tongue the whole body is put to trouble by the ordinary human being. Without a healthy body, no further practice can be done.

Eat natural, simple, balanced food sufficient to maintain the body. Avoid excess of sweets, spicy food, oil, salt, and other strong tastes.
Sprouts, unpolished rice, pulses etc give wonderful nutrients to the body.

The age of cells on the tongue is about 14 days. If you strictly follow a satvic food continuously for 15 days, the new cells formed on the tongue will start liking and relishing the sattvik food.

Asana – The good posture of sitting, standing and in overall living to be inculcated.

Clean the body externally, give sufficient rest and sufficient entertainment to the body. (yukta ahara viharasya yukta cestasya karmasu, yukta svapnavabodhasya YOGO bhaviti duhkahaa – BG 6-17)

Vital Force (Prana):
The air outside when enters the body becomes vital force. Regulate the breathing process. Get to the rhythm of regular full capacity breath to fill and EMPTY the lungs. This will help cleaning the 80% of the toxins produced in the body.

Drink sufficient water, as the water only becomes Prana as per the Upanisads.
Drink water early in the morning, 1 hour before solid food and two hours after the food. It will help cleaning body from inside. (remaining 20% cleaning)

Mind is nothing but the stream of thoughts, continuously changing and never sticking to one point. Try bringing the Mind to one place and one thought stream. Dharana and Pratyahara are the technical terms for this process. It is loosely translated into English as Meditation. Do meditation.

Naama Japa is an excellent tool for bringing the Idle mind to one pointed concentration. Take a favorite god and just repeat the name of the god. No praying for some worldly gain, no complaints to god, no requests, no desires…. Just chant the name. God knows what is best for you. He will surely give what you DESERVE. Have Faith.

Over a period of time the good qualities will automatically come into the mind.
Dama – control of senses in all situations
Daattam – charity to the needy ones in what you have
Daya – compassion to all beings

Use the mind as the tool to control the senses, developing the righteous path. To the continuous stream of right thoughts, unbroken and uninterrupted.

Knowledge (Vijnana):
Satsanga – Associate with the wise people. Associate with the SAT – the being. Association with wise alone can give the correct Knowledge.

Swadhyaya – Study the literature from divine scriptures.

Descriminative knowledge of eternal and non-eternal to be inculcated.
Whatever is produced, purified, transformed, obtained is NOT eternal. It could be destroyed, tainted, further transformed, lost over time.
Whatever has parts is NOT infinite.

The absolute whole without parts is the only eternal – That is supreme, That is self.

Vichara – Inquire into that self, The real I, the Subject without any objects.

Bliss (Ananda):
This is automatic for a Saadhaka who is regulating the food and posture, vital air, mind and developing virtues of dama, dattam, daya along with the association with the wise.

This bliss is infinite, everlasting and unending. – This is directly experienced. Yes – It is experienced directly – the original and natural state of the self.

Saadhana is not mere studying scriptures, discussing about the TRUTH. It is about practicing and directly realizing the TRUTH.


Yoga of Attaining Purushottama

September 20, 2008

Om Sri Gurubhyo Namaha.

This is an attempt to summarize the 15th Chapter of Srimad Bhagavad Gita which is the shortest and most profound. (this associates to the essential equality of in the mahavakya tat tvam asi)

15-1. He who knows the pipal tree, with its roots above and branches below whose leaves are Vedas and which is said to be imperishable (avyayam) is the knower of Veda.
15-2. Its branches spread up and down, nourished by the qualities (Guna), its buds are objects of senses (vishaya), its roots grow downward generating bonds of action in the world of men.
15-3. The form (rupam), its end or beginning (adi & anta) are not available here (in this world). Having cut down this pipal tree with strong roots (suvirudha mulam) with the weapon of dispassion (asanga sastrena dhruDhena chitva)
15-4. that supreme state, reaching where one never returns, should be carefully searched. I take refuge) in that primal person, from whom, the creation (Pravritti) stemmed forth.
15-5. Without pride and delusion, free from attachment, dwelling constantly in the SELF, devoid of pairs of opposites, attain that imperishable state.
15-6. Neither Sun, nor Moon, nor fire shines there. Having gone there they return not. That is my supreme abode.

15-7. An eternal part of myself, having become a jiva, draws itself to senses and mind placed in matter.
15-8. When the jeeva acquires and leaves the body, it takes these(mind and senses) like fragrance (of flowers) carried by the wind.
15-9. He (jeeva) enjoys the objects of senses by presiding over (adhisThAya) the mind and senses.
15-10. The Ignorant (vimUDhA) dont see the one who is residing, departing and enjoying in the body, being enveloped by the qualities (gunas); but the wise see through the eye of Jnana.
15-11. Yogis by striving see him; People with impure heart (akruta-Atmanaha) though struggling can’t see him being mindless (acetasah).

15-12. The splendor in sun, moon and fire; Know it to be mine.
15-13. Having entered the Earth, I support all the beings. Having become the sap I nourish all the plants.
15-14. Becoming the digestive fire (visvAnara) seated in the bodies of living beings and unite the life-breaths (prana,apana) I digest four kinds of foods.
15-15. I am seated in the hearts (buddhi) of all beings; From me memory, wisdom and also negation. And that which is to be known in all the vedas am I; and I am the author of all the vedas and vedanta.

15-16. There are two puresas in this world; the perishable and imperishable (kshara and Akshara). All these beings are perishable and the Kutastha is imperishable.
15-17. There is another supreme purusha (the paramatma or supreme person) prevading all sustains the worlds – He is Iswara.
15-18. I am beyond the perishable and also beyond the imperishable, therefore I am known as supreme soul (purushottama)
15-19. He who knows me as purushottama, un-deluded and all knowing, worships me with his whole being (sarva-bhavena)

15-20. Thus the most secret knowledge has been imparted by me. O Bharata! having known this be illumininated and work finished (buddhiman and kritakrutya).

Om Tat Sat.

Raja Vidya Raja Guhya Yogam

September 7, 2008


This is the name of chapter 9 of Srimad Bhagavad Gita. Which means the King of Knowledge and the King of secrets. This chapter falls under the second six chapters of Srimad Bhagavad Gita and stress up on the THAT part of “TAT TVAM ASI”

9-1,2: Lord Sri Krishna declares that this chapter as purifier, highest and direct knowledge (pratyakshavagamam) which is Dharma, giver of happiness (sasukham kurvam) and imperishable (avyayam)

9-3: People without faith on this Dharma (the righteous path) will revolve in death and samsara (birth and death cycle)

9-4: This world is spread by the Lord who is formless. Lord says: “All beings have root in me”

9-5: “All the beings are not rooted in me” says lord – Look at this wonderful YOGA of Lord.

9-6: Lord gives an example of mighty air is rooted in Akasa (the space) but the space is never touched by the Air. This is to explain the previous two verses.

9-7,8 : All beings enter my Nature (prakruti) at the end of a world age (kalpa-kshaya) which I eminate at the beginning of the kalpa. I keep emanate them again and again by to force of Prakruti.

9-9: Actions do not bind me as I am seated indifferent and unattached to these actions. >>> This is an important statement made by Lord.

9-10: Under my supervision, Nature (prakruti) sends forth all animate and inanimate beings; Because of this O Kaunteya, universe revolves.

9-11: Not knowing me (the self) foolish people disregard me – who is the lord of all beings who is dwelling in this human body.

9-12: They (the foolish ones) with vain hope, worthless action, useless knowledge become refuged in demonic nature.

9-13: But the Great men take refuge in my divine nature, and knowing me to be the imperishable cause of all creation worship me with unwavering mind.

9-14: Ever Balanced (nitya yuktah) they worship me (the self) with devotion.

9-15: Some worship me with Knowledge, some with Sacrifice, in oneness and in multitude.

9-16: I am the sacrifice, oblation, offering to manes, medicinal plant, the mantra, butter, fire and the burnt offering. –> Declaring that he is all components of Sacrifice.
9-17: I am the father, mother, grandsire, supporter, rk, yajur, sama vedas and the one who is worthy to be known.
9-18: I am the path, husband, lord, witness, abode, shelter, lover, origin, dissolution, foundation, treasure-house and the seed-imperishable (bijam-avyayam)
9-19: I radiate the heat as SUN, I hold back and send forth the rain, I am immortality as well as death, I am the being and also the non-being. (sat, asat, ca, aham, arjuna!)

9-20,21: Those who perform sacrifice as per the three vedas, worshipping me (selfishly) will get purified by sin and attain the world of Indra and enjoy the heavenly pleasures. After the merits gets exhausted, they return back to this mortal world.

9-22: Those who worship me (the self) alone, thinking of no other and always absorbed in my thought, I will take care of their needs and protection. (yoga, kshemam, vahami, Aham)

9-23,24: Even the Devotees who worship other Gods with faith, they worship me alone. But these devotees not knowing me in essence (tattvena) they fall.

9-25: Those who worship Gods reach the worlds of Gods, who worship manes reach the world of manes, worship sprits will reach the world of sprits, But my worshippers will reach me.

9-26: A flower, leaf, fruit, water when offered with devotion, I accept it.

9-27, 28: Arjuna, whatever you do, whatever you eat, whatever you give or perform austerity, do that as an offering on to me.
Thus you will be liberated from the bonds of action, yielding good and evil fruit, and come to me by the YOGA of renunciation (sanyasa-yoga-yukta-atma)

9-29: I am equally present in all beings. None dear to me and none hateful. Who worship me with devotion they are in me and I am in them.

9-30 to 34: Hope for All
Even a great sinner, when taken up this Dharma, with devotion, he should be conidered as a saint as he has well begun. Without differentiation of caste, gender whoever takes refuge in me they will attain supreme goal.
manmanaha bhava badbhaktha madhyaji mam namaskuru
mam eva eashyasi yuktva evam atmanam matparayanaha.

On me fix your mind, be my devotee, sacrifice to me, prostrate to me, Thus uniting yourself with me and completely depending on me, YOU shall come to ME.

Om tat sat.

Karma Yoga – Thrid Chapter of Srimad Bhagavad Gita

July 24, 2008

Om Sri Gurubhyo Namaha.

Lord Sri Krishna explains the importance of Jnana and describes a “Stitha Prajna” – the person who is “established in wholesome knowledge” in the second chapter of Srimad Bhagavad Gita.

Arjuna gets a genuine doubt:
3-1 If the Knowledge is Superior to the Action (Karma) Why the Lord is pushing him to carryout action resulting in lot of killing (the war)?
3-2 Give me a sure single answer through which means I can reach the BLISS.
Thus inquired, Lord Sri Krishna replies:
3-3 In the world they are two paths 1. Jnana Yoga (Samkhya) 2. Karma Yoga (Yoga)
3-4 Perfection is not attained by simply renouncing ACTION alone.
3-5 Everyone is helplessly driven into action by the qualities (gunas) born of nature (prakruti)
3-6 Defines a Hypocrite. Who externally stops action, but mind dwells in the sense objects.
3-7 Defines “karma yoga” and the stress is on the word “asaktaha” – without attachment
3-8 Do the prescribed duties otherwise even maintenance of body is not possible.
3-9 world is bound by action. but, again stress on mukta-sangaha unattachment
3-9 to 13 Importance of performing action as sacrifice
3-14 declares that the creatures of the whole world is arise out of action
3-15 states that the action arises from Brahma and Brahma from the “Akshara” – the imperishable
3-16 Who follows the indriyas (indriya-aramaha) is living uselessly.
3-17,18 Clearly declares There is NO ACTION for the one who rejoices the SELF in SELF.
3-19 Again stress on un-attachment in performing action
3-20 Gives example of Janaka who has achieved perfection through Karma.
3-21 Whatever a great man does the normal people follow the same. So it is important to set the trend of selfless action.
3-22 Lord gives there is nothing for him to do or achieve but engage in action..
3-25 says as the ignorant perform action with attachment in the same way wise perform action without attachment
3-26 warns that the wise people should not create shake-up of the mind in the ignorant (buddhi-bhedam)
3-27 Is a great disclosure – states that ALL ACTION is done by the PRAKRITI born GUNAS. The one who is deluded due to EGO thinks that HE is the DOER.
3-29 Again states that wise men should not unsettle the minds of ignorant who are attached to the work
3-30, 31 clearly states to surrender ALL action to LORD and the one who follows the teaching will be FREED from ACTION.
3-34 states that the love and hate (raga and dvesha) are due to senses and objects and they obstruct the path of a seeker
3-35 stress the importance of SWADHARMA – ones own duty

Then Arjuna rises an important Question of WHY one COMMITS SIN? (3-36)

Lord answers that desire and hate are due to the quality called RAJAS and this rajas is the all-polluting foe – the main ENEMY within. Desire envelopes the wisdom. And asks Arjuna to sly this thing of sin which is the destructive of WISDOM.

Then progressively the mind is superior to the senses, reasoning (buddhi) is superior to mind and The supreme is superior to the buddhi (reason)

3-43 “Thus understanding HIM (the supreme) who is superior to the reason, restraining self by SELF sly thou, O mighty armed!, the enemy in the form of desire difficult to overcome”
with this lord finishes the THIRD Disclosure of Srimad Bhagavad Gita

In a nutshell ALL the action happens on its own due to the Gunas born out of Prakriti. Due to the desire one gets bound to the action. (both good and bad action bind – there is no exception) By performing action as sacrifice leaving everything to the LORD without any attachment one gets freed from ACTION.

Om Tat Sat.

Nobel Doubts

October 1, 2007

The following are the doubts raised by the greatest seeker Arjuna (Nara) to the Lord Sri Krishna (Narayana) – the best possible teacher. For any of these doubts one can consult the divine song Srimad Bhagavad Gita. The Key question is “Who am I and Why am I doing this?

  1. I am confused, why should I fight? Why not should I renounce the action and become a Sanyasi? 1:29-46
  2. I am not sure what is right action and what is wrong. Why should I get involved in this action (fight)? 2:4-8
  3. How a realized person behaves? Look? 2:54
  4. When Knowledge is superior to Action, why should I get involved in Action? 3:1,2
  5. What makes a man commit sin? 3:36
  6. How Krishna (God) can teach the Yoga to Vivaswan? 4:4
  7. Which one is superior? Renunciation or yoga of action? 5:1
  8. Mind is very difficult to control and not sure how to control the mind that goes like wind? 6:33,34
  9. If one is not successful on the path of yoga what will happen to him/her? 6:37-39
  10. What is Brahma? What is Adhyatma? Adhibhuta? Adhideva? And Adhiyagna? What is karma? 8:1,2
  11. Everything is Brahma – Tell more about your power of yoga 10:12-18
  12. I am disillusioned – heard and comprehended your glory. Can you show the infinite form (viswarupa)? 11:1-4
  13. Your form is good as well as terrible. I want to know your origin and your purpose. Please tell. 11:15-31
  14. Please show your pleasing form. Sorry for all the mistakes done and silly questions to you. 11:35-46
  15. I have regained my normal self by seeing your normal form. Thanks 11:51
  16. Which type of devotion is best with form or formless? 12:1
  17. What are the qualities of one who as risen above the three qualities (satwa, raja and tama) 14:21
  18. How to classify the ones who do not follow the scriptural instructions? (To raise above the qualities and scriptures and being bound by the injunctions) – how is it possible? 17:1
  19. Tell me more about renunciation of action and renunciation of fruit of action. 18:1
  20. I am completely clear and my delusion is disappeared. I am ready to be the best instrument to you. 18:73